Daily Archives

23 Articles

Posted by Worldkrap on

‘Polexit’: Is Poland About to Quit the European Union?

European Union officials have warned that the bloc ‘is at risk of collapse’ unless it challenges a ruling by Poland’s top court over the supremacy of EU law. Large rallies were held across Poland over the weekend in support of EU membership, as Henry Ridgwell reports. 

Camera: Henry Ridgwell

Posted by Ukrap on

Законопроєкт про подвійне громадянство невдовзі скерують до Верховної Ради – Єнін

Раніше президент Володимир Зеленський запропонував запровадити подвійне громадянство для українців, які проживають за кордоном

Posted by Ukrap on

Путін сказав Меркель і Макрону, що Україна «вперто ухиляється» від виконання Мінських угод

Лідери «нормандської четвірки» – керівники України, Німеччини, Франції і Росії – проводили востаннє зустріч 9 грудня 2019 року в Парижі

Posted by Ukrap on

Уряд затвердив нові правила пасажирських перевезень на час карантину

Нові правила стосуються як регулярних, так і нерегулярних перевезень пасажирів. Йдеться про автомобільний транспорт на автобусних маршрутах, авіаційний та залізничний транспорт міжобласного сполучення

Posted by Worldkrap on

3 US-Based Economists Receive Economics Nobel Prize 

Three U.S-based economists won the 2021 Nobel prize for economics on Monday for pioneering research on the labor market impacts of minimum wage, immigration and education, and for creating the scientific framework to allow conclusions to be drawn from such studies that can’t use traditional methodology.

Canadian-born David Card of the University of California at Berkeley was awarded one half of the prize, while the other half was shared by Joshua Angrist from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Dutch-born Guido Imbens, 58, from Stanford University.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the three have “completely reshaped empirical work in the economic sciences.”

“Card’s studies of core questions for society and Angrist and Imbens’ methodological contributions have shown that natural experiments are a rich source of knowledge,” said Peter Fredriksson, chair of the Economic Sciences Committee. “Their research has substantially improved our ability to answer key causal questions, which has been of great benefit for society.” 

Card worked on research that used restaurants in New Jersey and in eastern Pennsylvania to measure the effects of increasing the minimum wage. He and his late research partner Alan Krueger found that an increase in the hourly minimum wage did not affect employment, challenging conventional wisdom which held that an increase in minimum wage will lead to less hiring.

Card’s work also challenged another commonly held idea, that immigrants depress wages for native-born workers. He found that incomes of the native-born can benefit from new immigration, while it is earlier immigrants who are at risk of being negatively affected.

Angrist and Imbens won their half of the award for working out the methodological issues that enable economists to draw solid conclusions about cause and effect even where they cannot carry out studies according to strict scientific methods.

Speaking by phone from his home in Massachusetts, Imbens told reporters gathered for the announcement that he had been asleep when the call came.

“The whole house was asleep, we had a busy weekend.” said Imbens. “I was absolutely thrilled to hear the news.”

He said he was especially thrilled for Angrist, who was best man at his wedding. 

Unlike the other Nobel prizes, the economics award wasn’t established in the will of Alfred Nobel but by the Swedish central bank in his memory in 1968, with the first winner selected a year later. It is the last prize announced each year. 

Last week, the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression in countries where reporters have faced persistent attacks, harassment and even murder. 

Ressa was the only woman honored this year in any category. 

The Nobel Prize for literature was awarded to U.K.-based Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, who was recognized for his “uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee.”

 The prize for physiology or medicine went to Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries into how the human body perceives temperature and touch. 

Three scientists won the physics prize for work that found order in seeming disorder, helping to explain and predict complex forces of nature, including expanding our understanding of climate change. 

Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan won the chemistry prize for finding an easier and environmentally cleaner way to build molecules that can be used to make compounds, including medicines and pesticides. 

Posted by Worldkrap on

A Bird Stars in Rare Feel-good Tale About Afghan Evacuations 

The mynah bird squawks from a new cage in the French ambassador’s sunlit living room in Abu Dhabi, a far cry from its life as the pet of a young Afghan woman who has since found refuge in France. 

Talkative, yellow-beaked “Juji” had a brief star turn on social media, its story of survival amid the frenzied evacuations from Taliban-run Afghanistan striking a chord with a global audience. 

While scenes from the American-led airlift from Kabul after 20 years of war — such as Afghans falling to their deaths after trying to cling to the wheels of a military transport jet — gripped the world, France also was intensely involved in evacuating those who had risked their lives to cooperate with its government over the years.

French Ambassador Xavier Chatel was scrambling to support the efforts at Al-Dhafra air base in the United Arab Emirates. Thousands of Afghan evacuees flooded the base near the UAE capital, along with military bases across the region, to be screened by American, French and other authorities over 12 sweltering days in August.

“There were many exhilarating stories because there were artists, there were musicians, there were people who were so relieved that they could be evacuated,” Chatel told The Associated Press Sunday from his residence overlooking the waters of the Persian Gulf. “But at the same time there was also an outpouring of distress.”

About 2,600 Afghan interpreters, artists, journalists, activists and military contractors squeezed onto flights out of Kabul to Abu Dhabi on their way to Paris with barely enough time to consider all they’d left behind. French authorities had started evacuations around a year ago, with 2,400 people airlifted from Kabul in the months before the fall, Chatel said. 

Amid the chaos at Al-Dhafra, Chatel received a security alert. Officers, on the lookout for al-Qaida and Islamic State extremist threats, had discovered illegal cargo on board. 

A woman no older than 20 appeared, clutching a mystery cardboard box. Packed inside was her beloved pet with clipped wings — the famously chatty mynah, common in its range across Southeast Asia.

But because of sanitary concerns, there was no way she could take the small bird with her to Paris. 

She was in tears, Chatel said. He declined to disclose details about the young woman and her circumstances for privacy reasons, except to say that “she had lost everything. She had lost her country. She had lost her house, she had lost her life.” 

Chatel’s story of what happened next took hold on Twitter last week and turned Juji into a minor sensation, providing an uplifting counterpoint to the economic and humanitarian crises afflicting Afghanistan amid the Taliban takeover. 

After receiving detailed instructions about Juji’s dietary preferences — cucumbers, grapes, bread slices and the occasional potato — Chatel decided to adopt the bird, promising he’d take good care of it.

The young woman found the ambassador on Twitter soon after landing in France. Top of her mind upon starting a new life as a refugee was her pet stranded on the Arabian Peninsula.

Chatel replied with videos of Juji snacking on fruit, flitting around its white cage and even learning French from his marble-floored living room. After chirping in Pashto for its first few days in Abu Dhabi, Juji had managed to utter something akin to “Bonjour.” 

“[The young woman] told me something which still remains with me,” Chatel said. “The fact that the bird was still alive and that he was well looked after gave her faith and hope to start again.” 

Exactly why the story was so avidly embraced on social media remains a mystery, Chatel said. But there were no good news days out of Afghanistan during the anguished withdrawal of U.S. and NATO forces.

A suicide bomber blew himself up at Kabul airport in late August, killing scores of Afghans and 13 U.S. service members, and those who managed to escape their homes for new lives abroad were grappling with feelings of bewilderment and guilt. With the country’s economy in free fall, ordinary people have struggled to survive.

At Al-Dhafra air base in August, you could see the fear in people’s faces, Chatel said. Children cried at the sound of popping balloons. One woman said she had “forgotten” her parents in a traumatic haze at Kabul airport. Parents arrived with stories of children they’d abandoned. 

Until Chatel can devise a way to reunite Juji with its former owner, he said the black-winged bird remains a reminder to France of those frantic days, and the courage of those embarking on new lives and the emotional toll of so many left behind. 

“In the middle of this,” Chatel said, “in the middle of these hundreds of people arriving here, there was this girl and there was this bird.” 

Posted by Worldkrap on

Kenyans Kipruto Kipyogei Sweep in Boston Marathon Return

Kenya’s Benson Kipruto won the pandemic-delayed Boston Marathon on Monday when the race returned from a 30-month absence with a smaller, socially distanced feel and moved from the spring for the first time in its 125-year history.

Diana Kipyogei won the women’s race to complete the eighth Kenyan sweep since 2000.

Although organizers put runners through COVID-19 protocols and asked spectators to keep their distance, large crowds lined the 26.2-mile course from Hopkinton to Boston as an early drizzle cleared and temperatures rose to the low 60s for a beautiful fall day. 

They watched Kipruto run away from the lead pack as it turned onto Beacon Street with about three miles to go and break the tape in 2 hours, 9 minutes, 51 seconds.

A winner in Prague and Athens who finished 10th in Boston in 2019, Kipruto waited out an early breakaway by American CJ Albertson, who led by as many as two minutes at the halfway point. Kipruto took the lead at Cleveland Circle and finished 46 seconds ahead of 2016 winner Lemi Berhanu; Albertson, who turned 28 on Monday, was 10th, 1:53 back.

Kipyogei ran ahead for much of the race and finished in 2:24:45, 23 seconds ahead of 2017 winner Edna Kiplagat.

Marcel Hug of Switzerland won the men’s wheelchair race earlier despite making a wrong term in the final mile, finishing the slightly detoured route just seven seconds off his course record in 1:08:11.

Manuela Schär, also from Switzerland, won the women’s wheelchair race in 1:35:21.

Hug, who has raced Boston eight times and has five victories here, cost himself a $50,000 course record bonus when he missed the second-to-last turn, following the lead vehicle instead of turning from Commonwealth Avenue onto Hereford Street.

“The car went straight and I followed the car,” said Hug, who finished second in the Chicago Marathon by 1 second on Sunday. “But it’s my fault. I should go right, but I followed the car.”

With fall foliage replacing the spring daffodils and more masks than mylar blankets, the 125th Boston Marathon at last left Hopkinton for its long-awaited long run to Copley Square. 

A rolling start and shrunken field allowed for social distancing on the course, as organizers tried to manage amid a changing COVID-19 pandemic that forced them to cancel the race last year for the first time since the event began in 1897.

“It’s a great feeling to be out on the road,” race director Dave McGillivray said. “Everyone is excited. We’re looking forward to a good day.”

A light rain greeted participants at the Hopkinton Green, where about 30 uniformed members of the Massachusetts National Guard left at 6 a.m. The men’s and women’s wheelchair racers — some of whom completed the 26.2-mile (42.2 km) distance in Chicago a day earlier — left shortly after 8 a.m., followed by the men’s and women’s professional fields. 

“We took things for granted before COVID-19. It’s great to get back to the community and it puts things in perspective,” said National Guard Capt. Greg Davis, 39, who was walking with the military group for the fourth time. “This is a historic race, but today is a historic day.”

Kenya’s Lawrence Cherono and Worknesh Degefa of Ethiopia did not return to defend their 2019 titles, but 13 past champions and five Tokyo Paralympic gold medal winners were in the professional fields.

Held annually since a group of Bostonians returned from the 1896 Athens Olympics and decided to stage a marathon of their own, the race has occurred during World Wars and even the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic. But it was first postponed, then canceled last year, then postponed from the spring in 2021.

It’s the first time the event hasn’t been held in April as part of the Patriots’ Day holiday that commemorates the start of the Revolutionary War. To recognize Indigenous Peoples Day, race organizers honored 1936 and ’39 winner Ellison “Tarzan” Brown and three-time runner-up Patti Catalano Dillon, a member of the Mi’kmaq tribe.

To manage the spread of the coronavirus, runners had to show proof that they’re vaccinated or test negative for COVID-19. Organizers also re-engineered the start so runners in the recreational field of more than 18,000 weren’t waiting around in crowded corrals for their wave to begin; instead, once they get off the bus in Hopkinton they can go.

“I love that we’re back to races across the country and the world,” said Doug Flannery, a 56-year-old Illinois resident who was waiting to start his sixth Boston Marathon. “It gives people hope that things are starting to come back.”

Police were visible all along the course as authorities vowed to remain vigilant eight years after the bombings that killed three spectators and maimed hundreds of others on Boylston Street near the Back Bay finish line.

The race started about an hour earlier than usual, leading to smaller crowds in the first few towns. Wellesley College students had been told not to kiss the runners as they pass the school’s iconic “scream tunnel” near the halfway mark.

Posted by Ukrap on

У «Європейській солідарності» повідомили про заяву в СБУ проти Зеленського у справі «вагнергейту»

У «Європейській солідарності» повідомили, що генерал СБУ, депутат Київради від цієї політичної сили Віктор Кононенко подав до Служби безпеки України «повідомлення про злочин, скоєний президентом Володимиром Зеленським».

Як повідомила пресслужба «ЄС», на думку Кононенка, «Зеленський повідомив білоруському диктатору Лукашенку секретну інформацію про найманців з ПВК «Вагнера».

«Одних із ключових питань останнього часу є злиття спецоперації українських спецслужб по затриманню членів приватної військової компанії «Вагнера». Влада робить все, щоб уникнути відповіді на питання, чи була державна зрада чи не було. Блокується робота тимчасової слідчої комісії Верховної Ради, і ми маємо всі підстави говорити про те, що влада робить все, щоб істину у цій справі ми не дізналися ніколи. Володимир Зеленський як мінімум тричі сказав, що особисто він передав президенту Білорусі Олександру Лукашенку інформацію про перебування в його країні членів ПВК «Вагнер». Тобто він розголосив інформацію з обмеженим доступом», – сказав Кононенко.

Публічної реакції з боку Офісу президента чи від самого Володимира Зеленського на цю заяву немає.

8 вересня американський телеканал CNN оприлюднив розмову із трьома анонімними «колишніми високопосадовцями української військової розвідки», які розповіли, як йдеться, як працювали над підготовкою операції із захоплення членів російської приватної військової компанії «Вагнер». У виданні стверджують, що до підготовки була причетна й американська розвідка, хоча офіційно Вашингтон заперечив свою причетність. В Офісі президента стверджують, що матеріал не містить посилань на факти, а його поява вигідна російським спецслужбам.

Читайте також: Не знаю, що є у CNN, у РНБО жодного документа про будь-яку операцію немає – Данілов про «Вагнергейт»

Раніше президент України Володимир Зеленський, коментуючи повідомлення про зірвану операцію, заявив, що «ідея такої операції – це була ідея, скажімо так, інших країн, точно не України».

29 липня в санаторії під Мінськом затримали 33 російських громадян. Білоруська влада заявила, що підозрювала їх у підготовці заворушень напередодні виборів, а Олександр Лукашенко тоді назвав затримання росіян із «ПВК Вагнера» «надзвичайною подією» і заявив про «брудні наміри» Росії.

Україна просила видати їй затриманих бойовиків, бо вони брали участь у бойових діях на Донбасі і воювали проти ЗСУ.

Однак ніяких звинувачень їм офіційно так і не висунули, а через два тижні 32 із 33 затриманих повернули в Росію. Ще один залишився в Білорусі, бо має громадянство і цієї країни. 14 серпня Генпрокуратура Росії повідомила, що раніше затримані перебувають на російській території.

18 серпня у соцмережах і деяких ЗМІ, які посилалися на неназвані джерела, з’явилася інформація про те, що затриманих у липні в Білорусі російських бойовиків насправді планували затримати українські спецслужби, які понад рік вели операцію з розшуку і затримання причетних до злочинів на Донбасі, зокрема до збиття малайзійського літака рейсу MH17.

За даними ЗМІ, зокрема, видання «Українська правда», після того, як силовики доповіли про спецоперацію Офісу президента, вона була зірвана, ймовірно, через витік інформації.

Служба безпеки України назвала російським фейком й інформаційним «вкидом» повідомлення про участь СБУ у спецоперації із затримання бойовиків «ПВК Вагнера» в Білорусі і закликала «не поширювати чуток на користь недружньої держави».