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МВС: за прояви ксенофобії на Закарпатті поліція розпочала ще два кримінальні провадження

За прояви ксенофобії на Закарпатті поліція розпочала ще два кримінальні провадження, повідомило Міністерство внутрішніх справ України.

За даними МВС, 4 грудня в Закарпатській області на електронні адреси громадських організацій угорської національної меншини почали масово надходити листи з вимогою терміново покинути територію України. В іншому разі на них нібито чекатиме фізична розправа.

За фактом погроз слідчі поліції Закарпаття розпочали два кримінальні провадження за ч. 1 ст. 161 (Порушення рівноправності громадян залежно від їх расової, національної належності, релігійних переконань, інвалідності та за іншими ознаками) та ч. 2 ст. 129 (Погроза вбивством) Кримінального кодексу Україну. Винним особам загрожує до п’яти років позбавлення волі.

За декілька днів до цього в інтернеті з’явилося відео, на якому невідома особа в балаклаві та військовій формі погрожувала громадянам України угорського походження фізичною розправою. Поліцейські заявили, що встановили особу, котра, ймовірно, причетна до цього злочину.

«Нам достеменно відомо, що це громадянин сусідньої держави. Ми відслідкували, що на території Західної України він перебував винятково в період запису ролика, а в день опублікування відео покинув межі України. І ще цікавий факт, який вдалося встановити поліцейським: вперше провокативне відео, на якому нібито український активіст погрожує представника угорської національної меншини, з’явилося на Ютуб-каналі блогерки із Сербії. А після того, як ролик поширився в Україні, вона його видалила», – сказав голова поліції Ігор Клименко.

Міністерство внутрішніх справ повідомляло, що наприкінці листопада низка закарпатських інтернет-ресурсів опублікували відеоролик із зображенням неідентифікованої особи в масці, яка на тлі начебто покажчика населеного пункту Берегове Закарпатської області із символікою «Правого сектору» погрожує українцям угорського походження.

Міністр Арсен Аваков після цього заявив, що українська держава жорстко переслідуватиме нацистів та екстремістів.

Тим часом, у відносинах між Україною та Угорщиною відбувається нове загострення. 30 листопада Служба безпеки України повідомила про обшуки в одному з благодійних фондів на Закарпатті. У відомстві повідомили, що «наразі перевіряється інформація про причетність іноземного фонду до діяльності, спрямованої на порушення державного суверенітету України».

Міністр закордонних справ Угорщини Петер Сіярто розкритикував обшуки. У своєму відеозверненні на фейсбуці він заявив, що 1 грудня буде зустрічатися із відповідальним з питань НАТО, щоб обговорити питання членства України в Альянсі. Сіярто також повідомив, що через обшуки до МЗС Угорщини викликали посла України в Угорщині Любов Непоп, «щоб висловити своє незадоволення діями керівництва України в Києві».

Міністр закордонних справ України Дмитро Кулеба наголосив, що слідчі дії на Закарпатті проводяться в межах повноважень Служби безпеки України та не спрямовані проти угорської національної меншини. «Будь-які твердження про те, що в Україні нібито має місце «залякування» угорської громади або її частини, є безпідставною спекуляцією. В Україні як правовій державі діє принцип індивідуальної, а не колективної відповідальності», – наголосив міністр.

За даними місцевих журналістів, обшуки відбувалися в Товаристві угорців Закарпаття.

 

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Суд відправив до психлікарні підозрюваного в погрозі підірвати банк у бізнес-центрі «Леонардо»

Печерський районний суд Києва відправив до психіатричної лікарні №3 у Глевасі уродженця Узбекистану Сухроба Карімова, який погрожував підірвати відділення банку бізнес-центру «Леонардо» у Києві 3 серпня, повідомила речниця столичної прокуратури Надія Максимець у коментарі Hromadske.

За її словами, про таке рішення клопотали прокурори. Висновки судово-психіатричної експертизи встановили, що наразі за своїм психічним станом підозрюваний не може усвідомлювати свої дії та керувати ними.

Експерти вважають необхідною примусову госпіталізацію, щоб надати чоловіку психіатричну допомогу із суворим наглядом. У прокуратурі наразі не уточнили, чи керував своїми діями чоловік під час захоплення бізнес-центру.

3 серпня Міністерство внутрішніх справ повідомило, що чоловік зайшов у відділення «Універсал Банку» в бізнес-центрі «Леонардо», заявив, що в нього в рюкзаку вибухівка, і попросив викликати поліцію. Працівники банку покинули приміщення, а керівниця відділення залишилася за власним бажанням. Через кілька годин чоловіка затримали спецпризначенці.

5 серпня Печерський районний суд Києва заарештував його на два місяці без права застави.

 

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US Imposes Visas Restrictions on More Chinese Citizens

The State Department said Friday that the U.S. would impose visa restrictions on Chinese citizens engaged in overseas influence operations.Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the restrictions would apply to Chinese Communist Party officials or anyone else taking part in propaganda or influence campaigns linked to the United Front Work Department.The United Front has been involved in efforts to put pressure on people who criticize China for human rights abuses in the Uighur region, Tibet and elsewhere. Its “coercive tactics” have included publicly releasing personal details about critics and their family members online as a means of intimidation, Pompeo said in announcing the new restrictions.The measure is intended to show that “those responsible for actions that contravene the rules-based international order are not welcome in the United States,” he said.The restrictions are the latest punitive measure taken against China’s leadership and economy in response to sharpening disputes over human rights, the coronavirus pandemic, trade, technology, Taiwan and a host of other issues.It wasn’t immediately clear how many people would potentially be covered by the new restrictions.The move came the same week that the U.S. announced plans to place new time limits on visas for members of the Chinese Communist Party and their families, cutting the time that the travel documents are valid from 10 years to one month.China responded to those restrictions by accusing the U.S. government of “an escalation of political suppression.” Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said Thursday that the travel restrictions were “totally inconsistent with the U.S.’s own interests” and would damage America’s global image.

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Представник Зеленського розповів, коли Рада може ухвалити законопроєкти про діяльність КСУ

Верховна Рада може ухвалити законопроєкти про діяльність Конституційного суду вже наступного пленарного тижня за скороченою процедурою. Про це у коментарі Радіо Свобода розповів представник президента Володимира Зеленського в Конституційному суді, «слуга народу» Федір Веніславський.

«Не виключено, що законопроєкти, які стосуються діяльності Конституційного суду України, будуть розглянуті на наступному пленарному тижні (в тому числі з можливим застосуванням процедури ad hoc). Вже є певні напрацювання, однак ідуть консультації між комітетом правової політики, антикорупційним комітетом, з Венеційською комісією. Представники Венеційської комісії попросили, щоб до того, поки вони не нададуть свій висновок щодо діяльності КСУ і щодо рішення від 27 жовтня, Верховна Рада утрималась від ухвалення будь-яких законопроєктів», – зазначив він.

За прогнозом Веніславського, висновки Венеційської комісії парламентарі можуть отримати вже 10-11 грудня.

«Я думаю, що ймовірність ухвалення цих законопроєктів до кінця року достатно велика», – додав представник Зеленського у КСУ

Наступний пленарний тиждень Верховної Ради запланований з 15 по 18 грудня.

27 жовтня Конституційний суд України визнав неконституційною статтю 366-1 Кримінального кодексу, яка передбачає покарання за декларування недостовірної інформації. Так само суд скасував низку положень закону про запобігання корупції. Оприлюднивши це рішення 28 жовтня, КСУ пояснював, що антикорупційне законодавство створює передумови для неправомірного впливу на суд.

Національне агентство з питань запобігання корупції заявило, що Конституційний суд діяв у власних інтересах, ухвалюючи рішення. Водночас через рішення КСУ агентство закрило було доступ до державного реєстру електронних декларацій. Ввечері 29 жовтня за рішенням уряду після засідання Ради національної безпеки і оборони доступ відновили.

Після цього у Верховній Раді зареєстрували низку законопроєктів, спрямованих, як на відновлення електронного декларування, так і на регулювання діяльності самого Конституційного суду.

 

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Germany: US Troops Welcome Here

Germany’s foreign minister said Friday he is glad the U.S. Congress appears to believe U.S. troops should stay in his country at current levels. At a news briefing Friday in Berlin, Foreign Minister Heiko Maas commented on the final version of the U.S. Defense Authorization Act released Thursday by Congress. That bill says U.S. troops stationed in Germany may not be withdrawn below current levels until 120 days after the secretary of defense submits a detailed analysis of the move to Congress. About 36,000 U.S. troops are in the country. FILE – German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas addresses the media during a statement at the foreign ministry in Berlin, Germany, June 3, 2020.In July, U.S. President Donald Trump called for a reduction of about 12,000 troops stationed in Germany. Trump told reporters at the time that Germany had not contributed its share to the NATO defense alliance.  The move shocked some U.S. military officials, who see the troops as a safeguard to U.S. interests in Europe. Maas told reporters that despite comments by the president and the Defense Department in July, Germany has “never been given any information about the troop reductions that were announced in July,” so he could not say for sure what the plans are or if they even exist. But, referring to the measure agreed upon in Congress this week, he said Germany is glad there appears to be bipartisan support among U.S. lawmakers for revisiting the decision. He said his government plans to discuss the situation with the incoming administration and make it clear that Germany stands by its promises and its American allies. He said, “American soldiers are welcome here. They contribute not just to Germany’s but also to Europe’s security.”
 

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Red Army Veterans Called to Testify About Nazi War Crimes

Russia prosecutors are summoning Red Army veterans to recall their battlefield experiences to help identify Nazis and their collaborators who carried out Second World War atrocities in the Soviet Union.The new war crime investigations are being linked by observers to President Vladimir Putin’s renewed interest in historical memory and his determination to shape how the world remembers Soviet leader Josef Stalin and especially the Soviet Union’s contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany.The Russian leader and former KGB officer has complained that the Soviet Union’s huge wartime role and its losses have been distorted and downplayed for political purposes by Western politicians and historians. Putin has asserted Western popular culture overlooks Soviet sacrifices and focuses more on events such as the Normandy landings of 1944.Russian investigators intend to question as many as 1,000 Red Army veterans, nearly all very frail, according to Russian media. The family of a 94-year-old veteran complained to The Moscow Times of receiving a formal summons from the prosecutor’s office in Volgograd, a city in southern Russia previously known as Stalingrad, the site of arguably the most important of any Second World War land battle.’Strict tone’ criticized“We just couldn’t believe that the prosecutors would summon a frail old man to their offices during the coronavirus outbreak using such a strict tone,” the veteran’s grandson Denis Chistyakov told the newspaper. “Why not just come to his house for a chat?”The Volgograd prosecutors’ office told the paper that such summonses had been sent to at least 80 veterans in the region. Summonses have been sent to veterans throughout Russia, according to press reports.Alexander Bastrykin, head of Russia’s Investigative Committee, told the state-run RIA Novosti news agency earlier in the year that investigations were being set up to “establish, identify and name all the guilty Nazis, whether they are alive or not.” He added: “Nuremberg did not convict all those responsible. Irrespective of whether they are alive or not, we must name those names. Only the memories of eyewitnesses can accurately reconstruct the details of the criminal activity.”FILE – Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with veterans after the the Victory Day military parade marking the World War II anniversary at Red Square in Moscow, May 9, 2017.He said the probes were aimed also at challenging those who try to rewrite history.The investigations appear to be timed to coincide with next year’s 80th anniversary of Nazi Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union, known as Operation Barbarossa, which was launched on June 22, 1941, and broke a 1939 non-aggression pact struck by Adolf Hitler and Stalin.How many Russian civilians died in the war remains a matter of dispute. A 1995 study by M.V. Philimoshin, an associate of the Russian Defense Ministry, estimated that 14 million Russia civilians died, with 7.4 million deaths caused by direct, intentional violence, 2.1 million dying in forced labor in Germany, and 4.1 million succumbing as result of famines and forced starvation. Other historians say those estimates might be either too high or too low.More than 8 million from the Red Army died in combat, some while being held as prisoners.Hitler ordered brutalityAccording to a study by American historians Alex Kay and David Stahel, most German Wehrmacht soldiers who fought in the Soviet Union participated in war crimes, from mass shootings to rape. And they were encouraged, even required to do so, by operational instructions issued by Hitler and his subordinates. At a high-level meeting on March 30, 1941, Hitler said the war against Soviet Russia was to be a war of extermination. Subsequent orders issued by his generals made clear Slavs were to be considered “sub-humans.”General Erich Hoepner, commander of the Panzer Group 4, told his soldiers: “The war against Russia is an important chapter in the German nation’s struggle for existence. It is the old battle of the Germanic against the Slavic people, of the defense of European culture against Muscovite-Asiatic inundation and of the repulse of Jewish Bolshevism. The objective of this battle must be the demolition of present-day Russia and must therefore be conducted with unprecedented severity.”FILE – World War II veterans share a joke, as a boy wearing a navy uniform listens, during a Victory Day celebration in Gorky Park in Moscow, May 9, 2012.In a combative essay in an American magazine in May, Putin complained of Western distortions of Second World War history. The 9,000-word essay was written partly in reaction to a European Parliament resolution that said the Soviet Union shared the blame with Nazi Germany for the outbreak of the war by agreeing upon the 1939 nonaggression pact. Putin justified the 1939 pact as a necessary defensive measure by Stalin because of the reluctance of Western nations to confront Nazi Germany and for their appeasement of Hitler.Selective attentionPutin’s critics say he is selective with history and keen to erase inconvenient historical events like the mass executions by Stalin’s secret police of about 22,000 Polish officers and soldiers in western Russia. Russian historians also complain Putin downplays the purges of Stalin and his imprisonment of critics in the camps of remote, frozen Siberia, as part of an effort to rehabilitate the image of the Soviet leader.Last year, Russian historian Anatoly Razumov told VOA in an interview the very act of remembrance is frowned upon, with the authorities under Putin seeing the memorializing of victims of the Stalin’s Great Terror as unpatriotic and as an act undertaken by fifth columnists for the benefit of Western enemies.Decades-long research to expose the scale of the late Communist leader’s terror are believed to have landed Russian historian Yury Dmitriyev in jail on what his supporters say were trumped-up charges to silence him and to deter others.Putin this year labeled those who disagree with the Kremlin’s version of history as “collaborators,” and Russia’s Investigative Committee recently established a special department to investigate what it called the “falsification of history,” a move historians fear will further stifle historical research and debate.

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Aspiring Americans Face Tougher Citizenship Test

U.S. legal permanent residents on the path to naturalization will now be required to take a longer and more complex citizenship test. The new civics test is drawn from 128 questions test takers must be prepared to answer about American history and government, up from 100 questions previously. Anyone who applies for U.S. naturalization after December 1, 2020, must take FILE- George Washington’s signature is seen on his personal copy of the Acts of the first Congress (1789), containing the U.S. Constitution and the proposed Bill of Rights.Applicants must answer 12 out of 20 questions correctly to pass instead of the previous six out of 10.“But you are asked all 20 questions,” said Nancy Newton, program director of the Citizen Preparation Program at Montgomery College, a public community college in Montgomery County, Maryland.Passing the naturalization test is the final requirement for legal permanent residents, also known as green card holders, to become American citizens. The test is given orally during the naturalization interview, one of the final stages of the citizenship process.Newton told VOA the new test will require greater English proficiency, shifting from a high-beginning level of English to a high-intermediate level. With the assistance of a DHS grant and a partnership with local nonprofits, the Citizen Preparation Program helps about 300 legal permanent residents every year. Legal permanent residents eligible to naturalize spend months studying for the citizenship test.“What we need to ensure is that our learners know exactly what is required of them. And that we prepare them as best we can,” Newton said.FILE – Aisha Kazman Kammawie, of Ankeny, Iowa, takes the oath of allegiance during a drive-thru naturalization ceremony at Principal Park in Des Moines, Iowa.What’s new? While doubling the number of test questions, USCIS said the passing score will remain at 60%. While many questions have not changed, some have been reworded and others will require additional explanation in the answers.The former test asked, “There were 13 original states, name three.” The revised version says “There were 13 original states. Name five.”Instead of “What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?,” an applicant must answer “What are three rights of everyone living in the United States?”Some immigrant advocates criticized the test, saying some questions have been made more difficult without evidence there was a need for it. The questions have also taken on a “subtle political stance,” wrote Aaron Reichlin-Melnick, policy counsel at the FILE – High school teacher Natalie O’Brien, center, hands out papers during a civics class called “We the People,” at North Smithfield High School in North Smithfield, Rhode Island.A 2018 Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship FoundationFILE – Isabel Ruiz, right, receives a U.S. flag from Supervisory Immigration Services Officer James Fobert after she passed her citizenship interview in Newark, N.J.Montgomery College was part of the pilot program, and Newton said applicants agreed the wording of the questions was different but “it wasn’t something that was completely alien to them in terms of English language ability.”“Whilst we may think that the new test is more challenging than the current one, our learners are immigrants [and] have been through so much to get to this stage. There is so much that comes before even getting an application in to become a citizen. We’ll get through this. We’ll get through this together as a community,” Newton said.

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Will Erdogan Complaint About Anti-Turkish Conspiracy Become Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has complained about an international conspiracy forming against Turkey, and he says it’s attempting to frustrate his projection of Turkish power and influence abroad.Domestic and foreign critics counter that there isn’t yet a conspiracy, but if one does emerge, it largely will be due to his picking fights with his country’s neighbors, including the European Union and Turkey’s NATO allies. They are exasperated by his threats, whenever he is crossed, to throw open the doors for migrants to once again flock into Europe.Erdogan has in recent months frequently blamed invisible, malevolent foreign enemies for Turkey’s sharply deteriorating economy. For most of this year, foreign investors have shunned the country, and an already weak Turkish lira plunged last month to record lows in value against the dollar and euro. Western critics say Turkish economic woes are the result of his own mishandling of the economy.FILE PHOTO: A merchant counts Turkish lira banknotes at the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, Turkey, March 29, 2019.Additionally, the Turkish leader and his aides have accused European nations of ganging up to sabotage his geopolitical ambitions, especially in the eastern Mediterranean, where Ankara is locked in an escalating maritime quarrel with Greece and Cyprus that risks getting out of hand over lucrative gas and oil drilling rights.The huge energy potential of the eastern Mediterranean has drawn other powers in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East into the destabilizing standoff. Western Europeans and Turkey’s other regional neighbors say maritime law is on the side of Athens and Cyprus, accusing Ankara of brinkmanship in a deadlock that’s seen opposing warships come close to clashing.“We see ourselves as an inseparable part of Europe,” Erdogan told members of his ruling Justice and Development Party [AKP] in a speech last month. “However, this does not mean that we will bow down to overt attacks to our country and nation, veiled injustices and double standards,” he added.Civilians flee from Idlib toward the north to find safety inside Syria near the border with Turkey, Feb. 15, 2020.In October, as European criticism mounted about Turkish adventurism, including a military intervention into northern Syria aimed at dislodging Syrian Kurds, Erdogan, retorted, “Hey EU, wake up. I say it again: If you try to frame our operation as an invasion, our task is simple — we will open the doors and send 3.6 million migrants to you.”Conspiracy theories have long been a feature of cultural and political life in Turkey, certainly since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. And during his 17-year-long rule, political critics have accused Erdogan of stoking the long-held Turkish fear of being surrounded by foreign powers and beset by shadowy outside forces eager to weaken the country and to prevent it from restoring Ottoman greatness.“In fueling the current disputes in the Eastern Mediterranean, the [Turkish] leadership is using a narrative revolving around themes such as conquest—referring to the 1453 Ottoman conquest of Constantinople, today’s Istanbul—battles and wars, a huge [and undefined] foreign conspiracy, and a return to glory,” Marc Pierini, an analyst at the research group Carnegie Europe, noted in a posted commentary.Erdogan’s frequent complaint about an anti-Turkish foreign conspiracy risks turning into a self-fulfilling prophecy, warn some analysts and Western diplomats.French President Emmanuel Macron greets Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a joint news conference at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France, Jan. 5, 2018.From a diplomatic row with NATO ally France over the enforcement of an international arms embargo on Libya, to the deployment of special forces and Ankara-paid mercenaries to the strife-torn North Africa country, from military adventurism in northern Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh, to Turkey’s illegal drilling in Cypriot waters, the Turkish leader is amassing an impressive list of opponents.Ankara seems ever more willing to challenge allies and enemies alike in pursuit of a larger role on the world stage. If Western nations, and Turkey’s near neighbors, start coordinating containment strategies, it will be as a consequence of Erdogan’s aggressive aim to expand, through assertive diplomacy and military means, Turkish influence in the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Sea, say Western diplomats and analysts.There are increasing signs that Turkey’s NATO partners are tiring with Erdogan’s assertive geopolitical ambitions and irredentist claims against his neighbors. “The totality of Turkey’s policies and actions have now reached a point of dangerous escalation,” according to analysts Heather Conley and Rachel Ellehuus of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a research group in Washington.They noted in a commentary for CSIS that Erdogan’s actions “substantially challenge the coherence of NATO’s collective defense posture in the Mediterranean and weaken its political cohesion.”“To avoid this,” they say, Western allies “should approach the growing instability in the Mediterranean through an integrative policy that seeks to de-escalate tensions and define, with Ankara, common interests by identifying some agreed principles to guide regional behavior.” They add: “If Turkey is unwilling to join such an initiative, greater transatlantic tensions lie ahead.”NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, left, and Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu speak to the media after their talks in Ankara, Turkey, Oct. 5, 2020.Turkey’s wrangling with allies and neighbors have increased since 2015, when Erdogan adopted as policy the so-called Blue Homeland Doctrine, originally drawn up by Turkish Admiral Cem Gurdeniz in 2006. The doctrine outlined an ambitious goal to expand Turkish influence with an aim to improve access to important energy and other economic resources. Its implementation has seen Erdogan resorting to ad hoc arrangements, reversing bilateral understandings, and backsliding on multilateral agreements and Turkish obligations to NATO—creating even greater regional instability, say critics.Despite his complaints about an anti-Turkey international conspiracy, some analysts say Erdogan has been helped by the absence of coordination between Western allies and by their circumspection.They say Western officials have held off imposing further sanctions on Turkey or enforcing sanctions that have already been announced. In July, EU foreign ministers asked the bloc’s diplomatic corps to draw up possible enforcement options for sanctions imposed on Turkey for its gas and oil drilling activities in Cypriot territorial waters and what they see as Ankara’s “gunboat diplomacy” in the eastern Mediterranean.A man reads walks past Cypriot newspaper with a front page carrying a photo montage about Turkey’s actions over Cyprus and international companies exploration for gas in the eastern Mediterranean in capital Nicosia, Cyprus, Feb. 13, 2018.Likewise, the U.S. has held back. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said Turkey’s illegal drilling in Cypriot waters is “unacceptable,” but the Trump administration hasn’t followed up with concrete action and has not yet imposed sanctions for Turkey’s recent purchase of the Russian S-400 missile defense system, an acquisition seen as breaching Ankara’s NATO commitments.Western diplomats and analysts say there are increasing signs, though, that Turkey’s NATO partners are wary of Erdogan’s adventurism and go-it-alone strategy. Impatience is likely to build quickly next year when U.S. President-elect Joe Biden enters the White House.Erdogan clashed often with Donald Trump, but Washington backed off confronting Ankara and opted for backroom deal-making. The two leaders were at least united in antipathy toward the EU. But that won’t be the case next year, and Erdogan is likely to find himself dealing with a less forgiving U.S. leader, according to Western diplomats.FILE – Turkish Finance Minister Berat Albayrak speaks during a conference to ease investor concerns about Turkey’s economic policy, in Istanbul, Turkey, Nov. 8, 2020.Since the U.S. election, Erdogan has shown signs he knows he will need to adjust. Hours after the U.S. election, Erdogan’s son-in-law, Berat Albayrak, resigned as Turkey’s economy minister. Albayrak had a close friendship with Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law.The Turkish president has also since the election vowed to launch a period of economic and legal reforms, saying he will prioritize legislation to strengthen democracy and improve human rights, an announcement widely seen as anticipating the changed circumstances in Washington. Biden has promised to host next year a global Summit for Democracy.