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«Це не самогубство, а вищий акт самопожертви». Чому загинула журналістка Ірина Славіна – відеорепортаж

Журналістку Ірину Славіну з Нижнього Новгороду, що в Росії, поховали 6 жовтня. Громадянська панахида і прощання пройдуть у будь-якому випадку і за будь-якої погоди, повідомили напередодні її близькі. Ірина Славіна підпалила себе в п’ятницю, це сталося навпроти будівлі обласного управління МВС. Новина про самогубство нижегородської журналістки сколихнула суспільство. Рік тому вона написала пост, у якому міркувала на тему самоспалення через сповзання країни у війну, а перед самогубством звинуватила у своїй смерті російську державу. (Автор: Олексій Олександров. Відео телеканалу «Настоящее время», створеного Радіо Свобода з участю «Голосу Америки»)

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New Visa Rules Worry Some Students

The U.S. has proposed a new rule for international students that would set student visas to a fixed four-year term. International students looking to extend their stay would be required to apply for an extension, according to the new rule. The rule would also limit international student visas to a fixed two-year term if students are from a country with a visa overstay rate above 10% or a country on the U.S. State Department’s State Sponsor of Terrorism list.  “This change would provide the Department with additional protections and mechanisms to exercise the oversight necessary to vigorously enforce our nation’s immigration laws, protect the integrity of these nonimmigrant programs, and promptly detect national security concerns,” the new rule states. Current student visa guidelines allow for students to stay in the U.S. during their “duration of status.’’ In other words, student visa holders can stay in the U.S. as long as they are enrolled in school and follow the rules of their immigration status. International Students Could Face New Restrictions in USA new restriction from Trump administration expected to be published this month will require students to seek new approval at each stage of their academic life in United StatesCertain study programs can last longer than four years, let alone two years. For example, a doctorate degree can take four to six years to complete, according to Franklin University. Student visa holders who request to extend their time may do so “if the additional time needed is due to a compelling academic reason, documented medical illness or medical condition, or circumstance that was beyond the student’s control,” the new rule stated.Sofia Elkin Becerra, a senior at the University of Maryland and the president of the university’s International Student Union, is from Costa Rica. Becerra said she plans on applying for post completion Optional Practical Training (OPT) when she graduates in December.  She said she required a year of extra study for an undisclosed academic disability and is unclear how the news rules will allow for those circumstances.“The rule is pretty unclear and confusing that even the international student advisers don’t have all the answers for students in my situation,” she said. “So, I’m left uncertain of if or how it will even affect me.”  Had the new rule existed before Becerra began her studies in the U.S., she may not have been able to complete her program under the new fixed time period.  “With a fixed time period, as I understand it, this wouldn’t have been as easy to do, and I might not have been able to get through college,” she said.  International students applying to extend their student visas must do so for the sole purpose of completing a course of study, according to the new rule. Kenji Ho, an international student from Singapore, is a junior studying real estate at New York University’s School of Professional Studies. Ho said she is confused by the timing and reasoning of the new rule.  “It makes everything even more uncertain and confusing in an already unpredictable time for international students,” Ho said.  Ho stated that she believes the new rule could add more academic pressure on international students to finish their studies within four years, or even two years for students coming from select countries.  Requiring students to apply for an extension could lessen their chances of approval, Ho said.  While many education associations and students oppose the changes, some lawmakers have criticized what they say is a laxity in student visa approvals.  Two Republican U.S. senators — Tom Cotton of Arkansas and Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee — say U.S. universities are used by foreign nations for espionage and to steal intellectual property.  “Beijing exploits student and research visas to steal science, technology, engineering and manufacturing secrets from U.S. academic and research institutions. We’ve fed China’s innovation drought with American ingenuity and taxpayer dollars for too long,” Blackburn said in a joint statement with Cotton in May.  “It’s time to secure the U.S. research enterprise against the CCP’s economic espionage,” they stated in a press release. Lynn Pasquerella, president of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, told VOA in May, “We should also be concerned about the rise of anti-Asian sentiment in the U.S. Chinese Grad Students Banned by Trump Order Researchers – not undergrads – are affected by executive order  “China has been the top collaborator with the U.S. in STEM research. As we are grappling with a global pandemic, international collaboration is more critical than ever,” she wrote to VOA in an email.Another change that would be made is the departure period for student visa holders from 60 days after completing a course of study, to 30 days. “The Department accordingly is concerned about the integrity of the programs and a potential for increased risk to national security,” stated the new rule.  In the 2018-2019 school year, 1,095,299 international students studied among 19,828,000 total students in institutions of higher education in the U.S., according to the Institute for International Education.That makes international students 5.5% of all college and university students in the U.S. 
 Fewer Foreign Students Enrolling in US College and UniversitiesAnnual Open Doors report of international students in US shows increase in total international enrollment from previous year, but a decrease in new international student enrollmentWhile the number of international students in the U.S. has continued to increase, the rate of application and enrollment has declined in the past three years.   US Losing Its Luster for Foreign StudentsInternational students balkInternational students in the U.S. at colleges and universities contributed $41 billion to the economy and supported 458,290 jobs, according to the latest analysis of NAFSA: Association of International Educators.  

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Stocks Drop After President Trump Calls Off Stimulus Talks

Stocks turned sharply lower on Wall Street Tuesday afternoon after President Donald Trump ordered a stop to negotiations with Democrats on a coronavirus economic stimulus bill until after the election. The S&P index slid 1.3% after Trump tweeted his mandate. The benchmark index had been up 0.7% just prior to the president’s announcement with about an hour of trading left. In a series of tweets about the negotiations between the White House and Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Trump said: “I have instructed my representatives to stop negotiating until after the election when, immediately after I win, we will pass a major stimulus bill that focuses on hardworking Americans and small business.” He also accused Pelosi of not negotiating in good faith. The comments from the president came just hours after Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell urged Congress to come through with more aid, saying that too little support “would lead to a weak recovery, creating unnecessary hardship for households and businesses.” FILE – Federal Reserve Board Chairman Jerome Powell, reflected in the sneeze guard set up between himself and members of the House Committee on Financial Services, speaks during a hearing on Capitol Hill, June 30, 2020.Trump’s announcement dashes Wall Street’s hopes that another round of stimulus for the economy, which has been punched into a recession by shutdowns related to the coronavirus pandemic, could soon be on the way. Bitter partisanship on Capitol Hill has been preventing a compromise on more aid. Reports on the economy have been mixed recently, as some areas show a slowdown after extra unemployment benefits and other stimulus earlier approved by Congress expired. Wall Street numbersThe Dow Jones Industrial Average was down 359 points, or 1.3%, to 27,785 as of 3:19 p.m. Eastern time. The Nasdaq composite was down 1.4%. Small stocks were holding up better than the rest of the market. The Russell 2000 index of small-cap stocks was up 0.2%. The market’s slide comes a day after the S&P 500 posted its best day in more than three weeks. Other stock markets around the world made mostly modest gains. Longer-term Treasury yields veered lower after Trump’s remarks. They had earlier been hanging close to their highest levels in months. The selling was widespread, led by technology stocks and companies that rely on consumer spending. Utilities were the only gainers among the 11 sectors in the S&P 500. A report on Tuesday showed that U.S. employers advertised slightly fewer job openings in August than the prior month. But the number was nevertheless better than economists expected. Trading on Wall Street has gotten even shakier recently as investors contend with a long list of uncertainties, from Trump’s COVID-19 diagnosis to waxing and waning expectations about Congress’s ability to deliver another round of stimulus for the economy. The S&P 500 jumped 1.8% on Monday after Trump said he was returning to the White House to complete his recovery from the coronavirus, though his medical team said he is not yet fully “out of the woods.” Powell has repeatedly urged Congress to provide additional aid, saying the Fed cannot prop up the economy by itself, even with interest rates at record lows.  “The expansion is still far from complete,” Powell said in a speech to the National Association for Business Economics, a group of corporate and academic economists. Challenges aheadSeveral big challenges lie ahead of markets. Chief among them is the still-raging pandemic, as was so clearly illustrated by Trump’s stay in the hospital. The worry is that a ramp-up in infections could cause governments to bring back some of the restrictions they put on businesses early this year, which sent the economy hurtling into a recession. “We’re on the eve of earnings season, and people are reasonably undecided as to whether the correction that started in September has further to run,” said Julian Emanuel, BTIG chief equity and derivatives strategist. The upcoming election also still means a host of uncertainty about tax rates and regulations on businesses, while tensions between the United States and China continue to simmer. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 0.75% from 0.78% late Monday. While that is still very low, the yield has been generally climbing since dropping close to 0.50% in early August. European and Asian markets closed broadly higher. 
 

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УАФ: попри випадки COVID-19 у «синьо-жовтих», матч Франція – Україна відбудеться

Запланований на 7 жовтня контрольний матч Франція – Україна відбудеться, попри те, що у складі «синьо-жовтих» є заражені COVID-19 футболісти і персонал, повідомляє офіційний сайт Української асоціації футболу.

«У матч-мітингу, який зазвичай проходить вранці у день гри, взяли участь представники обох національних асоціацій, а також відповідальні особи з місцевої влади. За регламентом УЕФА, для того, щоби матч відбувся, у заявці на гру має бути щонайменше 13 гравців, один з яких має бути  воротарем», – ідеться в повідомленні.

Наразі в розпорядженні Андрія Шевченка є 20 здорових футболістів.

Ще до вильоту збірної України до Франції стало відомо, що в матчі не візьмуть участь футболісти «Шахтаря»: у Тараса Степаненка та Андрія П’ятова діагностували COVID-19, а решта гірників контактували з ними.

Уже в передмісті Парижа стало відомо про позитивний тест голкіперів Андрія Луніна та Юрія Паньківа. У складі команди залишився єдиний здоровий воротар, Георгій Бущан, тому на вечірнє тренування рукавички одягав нинішній наставник збірної Олександр Шовковський.

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Канцлер Німеччини зустрілася зі Світланою Тихановською

Канцлер Німеччини Анґела Меркель зустрілася 6 жовтня в Берліні з колишньою кандидаткою в президенти Білорусі Світланою Тихановською.

«Я дуже вдячна Німеччині та всім німецьким партіям, які так підтримують білоруський народ у його боротьбі за свободу, у його боротьбі за нові чесні та прозорі вибори», – сказала опозиціонерка після 45-хвилинної зустрічі.

Меркель наразі не коментувала результати діалогу.

У коментарях німецьким засобам інформації Тихановська звернулася до Німеччини з проханням підтримати розширені санкції ЄС щодо Білорусі, в тому числі включення Лукашенка до «чорного списку».

Перед зустріччю в телеграм-каналі Тихановської йшлося, що «на порядку денному буде участь Німеччини в організації переговорів про нові вибори в Білорусі».

У канцелярії Меркель раніше заявляли, що канцлер прийме Тихановську як одну з лідерок білоруської опозиції.

Німеччина, як і інші країни ЄС, не визнали легітимність перемоги Олександра Лукашенка на виборах президента Білорусі 9 серпня. Тихановська вже мала зустріч із президентом Франції Емманюелем Макроном під час його візиту до Литви, а також виступала в Європарламенті.

Прихильники Тихановської впевнені, що саме вона набрала більшість голосів на виборах. Головна вимога протестів у Білорусі, які тривають вже близько двох місяців, організація нових виборів.

В акціях протесту в Білорусі взяли участь сотні тисяч людей, найбільш масові марші відбуваються щонеділі. Демонстранти поводяться мирно, проте силовики, лояльні Лукашенку, їх затримують. У сутичках у перші дні після виборів загинули кілька протестувальників, десятки зазнали поранень, сотні повідомляли про побиття і знущання з боку співробітників правоохоронних органів.

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Back at White House, Trump Urges Americans ‘Don’t Be Afraid’ of COVID-19

U.S. President Donald Trump urged Americans not to “be afraid” of COVID-19 after he returned to the White House Monday evening after 72 hours of hospitalization for the deadly virus.In a show of fitness, he climbed the steps of the South Portico, standing on the Truman Balcony where he removed his mask, gave a double thumbs-up gesture and saluted the Marine One helicopter as it prepared to take off from the South Lawn. Without putting his facemask back on, the president then walked into the White House where others were awaiting his arrival.Earlier, as he walked out of the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center,  Trump said, “Thank you very much, everybody.”Stepping off the helicopter and walking toward the White House residence, the president paused to turn to the cameras, waved and gave a thumbs-up. Asked by VOA how he was feeling, a muffled reply of “real good” could be heard. Later in the evening, he tweeted out a recorded message about COVID19, saying “Don’t let it dominate you. Don’t be afraid of it.””We’re going back, we’re going back to work. We’re going to be out front,” he said. “Don’t let it dominate your lives. Get out there, be careful,” he added.FILE – President Donald Trump and Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden participate in the first presidential debate, Sept. 29, 2020, at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Clinic, in Cleveland.Next presidential debate
Trump’s reelection campaign said the Republican president, trailing former Vice President Joe Biden in the polls, plans to participate in the Oct. 15 second debate against the Democratic Party nominee.  “Though he may not entirely be out of the woods yet, the team and I agree that all our evaluations, and most importantly, his clinical status, support his return home” to the White House, which has medical facilities and practitioners to monitor the president around the clock, his primary physician, Dr. Sean Conley, told reporters Monday afternoon.  “Every day a patient stays in the hospital unnecessarily is a risk to themselves,” he added. “Right now, there’s nothing being done upstairs here that we can’t safely conduct down home.” Before leaving the hospital, the president tweeted, “Don’t be afraid of Covid. Don’t let it dominate your life,” adding that he felt better than he did 20 years ago. I will be leaving the great Walter Reed Medical Center today at 6:30 P.M. Feeling really good! Don’t be afraid of Covid. Don’t let it dominate your life. We have developed, under the Trump Administration, some really great drugs & knowledge. I feel better than I did 20 years ago!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) Dr. Sean Conley, physician to President Donald Trump, center, and other doctors, walk out to talk with reporters at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., Oct. 5, 2020.Physicians ‘cautiously optimistic’
Speaking with reporters at the hospital, Conley, an osteopath and a commander in the U.S. Navy, declined to answer some questions, such as the condition of the president’s lungs, citing patient confidentiality.    The president is taking a steroid, dexamethasone, which is typically not administered in mild or moderate cases of the coronavirus, along with a five-day course of remdesivir, an antiviral medication.    Trump’s physicians remain “cautiously optimistic and on guard, because we’re in a bit of unchartered territory when it comes to a patient that received the therapies he has so early in the course,” Conley said. “If we can get through to Monday with him remaining the same, or improving, better yet, then we will all take that final deep sigh of relief.” After tweeting a video on Sunday that he was “getting great reports” from his doctors, Trump promised a little surprise for his supporters outside the hospital where he is being treated.            President Donald Trump drives past supporters gathered outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., Oct. 4, 2020.Drive by criticism
His decision to do a drive-around for supporters Sunday evening was condemned by one attending physician at Walter Reed as irresponsible.          Dr. James Phillips, who is also chief of disaster medicine at The George Washington University in Washington, tweeted that the special vehicle the president was riding in is sealed against chemical attack.     “The risk of COVID-19 transmission inside is as high as it gets outside of medical procedures. The irresponsibility is astounding. My thoughts are with the Secret Service forced to play,” said Phillips, referring to the driver and an accompanying agent in the front seat who appeared to be wearing masks, face shields and gowns.     That Presidential SUV is not only bulletproof, but hermetically sealed against chemical attack. The risk of COVID19 transmission inside is as high as it gets outside of medical procedures. The irresponsibility is astounding. My thoughts are with the Secret Service forced to play.— Dr. James P. Phillips, MD (@DrPhillipsMD) October 4, 2020“Appropriate precautions were taken in the execution of this movement to protect the president and all those supporting it, including PPE,” White House spokesman, Judd Deere, said. “The movement was cleared by the medical team as safe to do.”      On Monday Conley said the drive was only “for a short period of time,” and the agents in the vehicle with Trump were adequately protected.  Infection date unclear
Earlier Sunday, the doctors treating the president revealed that their patient had earlier experienced “two episodes of transient drops in his oxygen saturation.”         Conley received word last Thursday evening that both Trump and first lady Melania Trump tested positive for the coronavirus after one of the president’s close aides, Hope Hicks, was confirmed to be ill with the infection.      The doctor declined again on Monday, when pressed by reporters, to answer when Trump last tested negative for COVID-19, something considered important for doing adequate contact tracing to try to limit the spread of the virus.   “I don’t want to go backwards,” the physician said. “The contact tracing, as I understand it, is being done. I’m not involved with it.”      Trump’s campaign on Friday put a hold on all previously announced events involving the president’s participation.  
  Vice President Mike Pence and his wife Karen, along with Sarah Pence and her husband Michael Pence and their daughter, right, arrive on Marine Two at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., Oct. 5, 2020, as he departs for Utah.Return to campaign trail
Vice President Mike Pence is making campaign appearances this week, as well as facing off Wednesday evening against Sen. Kamala Harris of California, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee.      “As far as travel goes, we’ll see,” Conley replied when asked how soon Trump could get back on the campaign trail with less than a month before the Nov. 3 presidential election.  
  
Doctors said it is important to ensure that the president is no longer shedding virus and that he is in good enough physical shape before getting medical permission to travel.  Trump and Biden were about 4 meters apart on a debate stage last Tuesday in Cleveland, Ohio. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests at least 2 meters for social distancing purposes.           Biden’s campaign said the former vice president tested negative Friday for the coronavirus. A test on Sunday was also negative.            The coronavirus has killed 210,000 people in the United States and infected nearly 7.5 million across the country, according to Johns Hopkins University data.  

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More Than 4 Million Americans Have Already Voted, Suggesting Record Turnout

Americans are rushing to cast ballots ahead of the Nov. 3 election at an unprecedented pace, early voting numbers show, indicating a possible record turnout for the showdown between President Donald Trump and Democratic challenger Joe Biden.
 
With four weeks to go before Election Day, more than 4 million Americans already have voted, more than 50 times the 75,000 at this time in 2016, according to the United States Elections Project, which compiles early voting data.
 
The shift has been driven by an expansion of early and mail-in voting in many states as a safe way to cast a ballot during the coronavirus pandemic and an eagerness to weigh in on the political future of Trump, said Michael McDonald of the University of Florida, who administers the project.
 
“We’ve never seen this many people voting so far ahead of an election,” McDonald said. “People cast their ballots when they make up their minds, and we know that many people made up their minds long ago and already have a judgment about Trump.”
 
The early surge has led McDonald to predict a record turnout of about 150 million, representing 65% of eligible voters, the highest rate since 1908.
 
Biden leads Trump in national opinion polls, although surveys in crucial battleground states indicate a tighter race.
 
The numbers reported so far come from 31 states, McDonald said, and will grow rapidly as more states begin early in-person voting and report absentee mail-in totals in the next few weeks. All but about a half-dozen states allow some level of early in-person voting.
 
The percentage of voters who cast their ballot at a voting machine on Election Day already had been in steady decline before this year, according to the U.S. Election Assistance Commission, a federal agency.
 
The total number of early or mail-in votes more than doubled from nearly 25 million in 2004 to 57 million in 2016, it said, representing an increase from one in five of all ballots cast to two in five of all ballots cast.
 
Trump has railed against mail-in voting, making unfounded accusations that it leads to fraud. Experts have said such fraud is rare.
 
Those attacks by the president have shown signs of depressing Republican interest in voting by mail. Democrats have more than doubled the number of returned mail-in ballots by Republicans in seven states that report voter registration data by party, according to the Elections Project.
 
In the crucial battleground state of Florida, Democrats have requested more than 2.4 million mail-in ballots and returned 282,000, while Republicans have asked for nearly 1.7 million and returned more than 145,000.
 
A national Reuters/Ipsos poll taken last week found 5% of Democrats nationwide said they had already voted compared to 2% of Republicans. About 58% of Democrats planned to vote early compared to 40% of Republicans.
 
McDonald said early voting typically starts strong, then drops before surging just ahead of the election. But in some states, rates of participation already have skyrocketed a month out.
 
In South Dakota, early voting this year already represents nearly 23% of the total turnout in 2016. It is nearly 17% of total 2016 turnout in Virginia and nearly 15% of total 2016 turnout in the battleground state of Wisconsin.
 
“That’s just nuts,” McDonald said. “Every piece of data suggests very high turnout for this election. I think that’s just a given.”

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Навального отруїли речовиною з групи «Новачок», яка формально не є забороненою – висновки ОЗХЗ

Політика Олексія Навального отруїли речовиною з групи «Новачок», ідеться в оприлюднених 6 жовтня висновках експертів Організації із заборони хімічної зброї (ОЗХЗ).

Фахівці відзначили, що конкретна речовина, якою був отруєний Навальний, формально не входить до списку заборонених. Але за своєю структурою вона близька до чотирьох інших агентів, які були заборонені організацією в листопаді 2019 року.

«Що означає «структурно схожі, але інші»? А те і означає: нова речовина сімейства «Новачок»…Тобто Росія більше не може навіть сказати «ну тут просто лежали на складі з 80-х років якісь флакончики «Новачка», ми за ними не встежили». Ні, сьогоднішній пресреліз ОЗХЗ фактично підтверджує, що зараз, у 2020 році, в Росії є активна програма розробки нових бойових отруйних речовини класу «Новачок», дике порушення всіх можливих і неможливих міжнародних норм і конвенцій», – прокоментував висновки ОЗХЗ соратник Навального Леонід Волков.

У Держдумі Росії вже назвали висновки ОЗХЗ «політично заангажованими». «Вони підтверджують лише те, що хотіли почути організатори найпотужнішої русофобської провокації імені Навального», – сказав голова комітету Держдуми з міжнародних справ Леонід Слуцький.

Про те, що Навальний був отруєний «Новачком», уряд Німеччини повідомив 2 вересня з посиланням на дані лабораторії бундесверу. Пізніше ці висновки були підтверджені незалежними центрами у Франції та Швеції.

Видання Der Spiegel і Die Zeit з посиланням на джерела в спецслужбах ще на початку вересня писали, що Навального отруїли новою, більш небезпечною версією «Новачка».